RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

II. CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

1. Convening the first sitting of the National Assembly

Article 2

The first sitting of the National Assembly shall be convened by the Speaker of the National Assembly from its previous legislature so that the sitting shall be held no later than 30 days following the date of proclamation of the final results of the elections.

Article 3

At the first sitting of the National Assembly, the oldest member of the Assembly present shall chair (the Chairperson) until the election of the Speaker of the National Assembly has been announced. Where the oldest MP is not able or does not wish to chair the sitting, the sitting of the National Assembly shall be chaired by the next oldest MP in attendance.

The Chairperson, or the Speaker of the National Assembly, shall be assisted in his/her work by one, the youngest, MP from each of four electoral lists which gained the greatest number of MPs’ mandates, and the Secretary General of the National Assembly.

Article 4

The following shall be conducted at the first sitting of the National Assembly:

  • verification of the mandates of MPs,
  • the election of the Speaker of the National Assembly,
  • the election of the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly.
  • the nomination of the Secretary General of the National Assembly

In line with rules, the following shall be conducted at the first sitting of the National Assembly

  • election of parliamentary working bodies’ members, and
  • election of members of standing parliamentary delegations to international institutions.

2. Verification of the mandates of MPs

Article 5

MPs shall assume the rights and duties in the National Assembly on the date when their mandates are verified.

Verification of mandates of MPs shall be conducted on the basis of a certificate on election as an MP and the report of the public authority in charge of implementing the elections of MPs on the elections conducted.

The National Assembly, at its first sitting, acting on a proposal of the Speaker, shall, by a majority vote of those MPs who are present, form a Commission consisting of three members. The Commission shall be chaired by its oldest member.

On the basis of the report of the public authority responsible for conducting the elections of MPs, the Commission shall establish whether the data in the certificate on the election of each MP are identical with the data in the report of the public authority responsible for conducting the elections of MPs, and submit a report thereon to the National Assembly.

Article 6

Based on the report referred to in Article 5 paragraph 4 of these Rules of Procedure, the Chairperson at the first sitting of the National Assembly shall note that the public authority responsible for conducting the elections of MPs has submitted a report on the elections conducted and also the report on which certificates of the election as MPs comply with the report, whereby the mandates of those MPs shall be deemed verified.

Article 7

After the verification of their mandates, MPs shall take an oath of office.

3. Election of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly and Appointment of the Secretary General of the National Assembly

а) Election of the Speaker of the National Assembly

Article 8

Candidates for the Speaker of the National Assembly shall be nominated in writing by at least 30 MPs.

Each MP may participate in the nomination of only one candidate for the Speaker of the National Assembly.

The nomination referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall contain the following: the name and surname of the candidate, the name of the electoral list from which the candidate has been elected, the name and surname of the representative of proposers, a reasoning for the nomination, a biography of the candidate and the consent of the candidate.

Article 9

The nomination of a candidate for the Speaker of the National Assembly shall be submitted to the Chairperson in writing.

MPs shall be notified by the Chairperson of all nominations of candidates for the Speaker of the National Assembly which have been received.

The proposers’ representative shall be entitled to substantiate the nomination.

A debate shall be held on the nominations of candidates for the Speaker of the National Assembly.

After the debate, the Chairperson shall draft a list of candidates for the Speaker of the National Assembly, in alphabetical order, by surname.

Article 10

Before announcing the election of the Speaker of the National Assembly, the National Assembly shall decide whether the vote shall be by secret or by open ballot.

If the National Assembly decides on the vote by open ballot, a roll call vote shall be taken.

Article 11

Secret ballot votes for the election of the Speaker of the National Assembly shall be conducted in accordance with provisions of these Rules of Procedure regulating votes by secret ballot in the National Assembly.

Voting by secret ballot for the election of the Speaker of the National Assembly shall be administered by the Chairperson at the sitting of the National Assembly.

Candidates for the Speaker of the National Assembly may not administer the vote nor help in its administration.

Article 12

Each MP may vote for only one candidate for the Speaker of the National Assembly.

Article 13

The Speaker of the National Assembly shall be the MP who receives the majority of the total number of votes cast.

Where there are two candidates, and neither receives the required majority, the election procedure shall be repeated.

Where there are more than two candidates, and none receives the required majority, a repeated ballot shall be held to choose between the two candidates who received the largest number of the votes cast, or between more candidates who received the largest equal number of the votes cast.

If the Speaker of the National Assembly is not elected in the second round of voting, the election procedure shall be repeated.

b) Election of Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly

Article 14

The National Assembly, acting on the proposal of the Speaker of the National Assembly, shall determine the number of Deputy Speakers.

Article 15

One of more Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly may be nominated by a minimum of 30 MPs, but they may not nominate more than the number determined by the decision.

The nomination shall contain the names and surnames of the candidates, their biographies, the names of the electoral lists from which they have been elected, the name and surname of the representatives of the proposers, a reasoning for the nominations and the candidates’ consents, in writing.

Article 16

The nomination of candidates for a Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly shall be submitted to the Speaker of the National Assembly in writing.

MPs shall be notified by the Speaker of the National Assembly of all the nominations received.

The proposers’ representative shall be entitled to substantiate the nomination.

A debate shall be held on the nominations.

After the debate, the Speaker of the National Assembly shall establish a list of candidates for Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly, listed in alphabetical order, by their surnames.

Article 17

Before voting for candidates for Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly, acting upon the proposal of the Speaker of the National Assembly, the National Assembly shall decide whether to vote by open or a by secret ballot.

If the National Assembly decides on an open ballot vote, a roll call vote shall be taken.

Where the voting of MPs is by roll call, and more candidates have been nominated than the number determined by the decision, each MP may vote for only as many candidates as are being elected.

Article 18

Secret ballot vote for the election of Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly shall be administered by the Speaker of the National Assembly.

No candidate for Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly may assist the Speaker of the National Assembly in administering the vote.

Article 19

Secret ballot voting for Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of these Rules of Procedure which regulate secret ballot votes in the National Assembly.

MPs may vote for no more than the total number of candidates being elected, and only for the candidates whose names are listed on the ballot.

Article 20

The candidates who receive the majority of votes of the total number of MPs shall be declared elected as Deputy Speakers.

In case there are as many candidates as are being elected, and the number of those elected Deputy Speakers is less than the number of vacancies to be filled in compliance with the decision, a second ballot for the candidates not elected shall be held.

In case there are more candidates than the number of Deputy Speakers being elected, and the number of those elected Deputy Speakers is less than the number of vacancies to be filled in compliance with the decision,a second ballot for the number of Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly from among the remaining candidates not elected shall be held.

If there has been a failure in the second ballot to elect the total number of Deputy Speakers of the National Assembly envisaged by the decision, the procedure shall be repeated for the vacancies that have not been filled.

c) Appointment of the Secretary General of the National Assembly

Article 21

The National Assembly shall appoint a Secretary General of the National Assembly, acting on the proposal of the Speaker of the National Assembly.

The proposal shall contain the following: the name and surname of the candidate, a biography of the candidate, reasoning for the nomination and the candidate’s consent, all in writing.

The candidate who obtains the majority of the votes cast by MPs shall be declared elected as the Secretary General of the National Assembly.

4. Formation of parliamentary groups

Article 22

Parliamentary groups shall be formed in the National Assembly.

Parliamentary groups shall consist of at least five MPs.

Parliamentary groups shall be deemed formed by the submittal to the Speaker of the National Assembly of a list of members signed by every member of the parliamentary group. The Head of the parliamentary group and his/her deputy shall particularly be specified on the list.

An MP may be a member of only one parliamentary group.

5. Constitution of Committees of the National Assembly

Article 23

Parliamentary groups shall nominate candidates for members and deputy members of committees in proportion to the number of MPs in the parliamentary group, as compared to the total number of MPs in the National Assembly.

When composing a committee, parliamentary groups shall be proportionally represented as compared to the total number of the committee members and deputy members, and it shall be ensured that those political parties which form the parliamentary majority have the majority in the committee as well.

Where a parliamentary group does not nominate the candidates referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the committee shall be constituted of the members elected based on nominations proposed by other parliamentary groups, provided that more than a half of the total number of committee members envisaged by these Rules of Procedure have been elected.

An MP may be a member of more than one committee.

Article 24

The Speaker of the National Assembly shall submit to the National Assembly a proposal of a decision on the election of members and deputy members of committees on the basis of parliamentary groups’ proposals.

An open ballot vote shall be taken on the entire proposal of decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

Committee members and deputy members shall be deemed elected if the proposed decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article has received the votes of more than one-half of the total number of MPs.

If the proposed decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article is not adopted, the procedure shall be repeated.

Article 25

The first meetings of committees shall be convened by the Speaker of the National Assembly.

Until a committee elects its Chairperson, its first meeting shall be chaired by the oldest member of the committee in attendance.

At their first meetings, committees elect from among their own ranks, committee Chairpersons and Deputy Chairpersons.

After the election of committee Chairpersons and Deputy Chairpersons, their deputies shall remain in a capacity of their deputies as members of the committee.

6. Constitution of Standing Parliamentary Delegations of the National Assembly to International Institutions

Article 26

The National Assembly shall decide on the compositions of standing parliamentary delegations that shall participate in the work of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other multi-lateral parliamentary institutions and organisations.

The proposal of the decision on the composition of the standing delegations referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be submitted by the Speaker of the National Assembly, in consultations with the heads of parliamentary groups, taking into consideration proportional participation of political parties and genders.

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